SINGAPORE - All parties involved in big construction projects will have to comply with new Design for Safety regulations that will take effect next August, Manpower Minister Lim Swee Say said on Tuesday.
This means projects will have to incorporate safety features for workers, who are building and maintaining the projects, into the design.
The rules will apply to projects with contract values of $10 million and up, and will be gazetted under the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Act next month, Mr Lim said at a conference for the construction industry.
"Leaders need to set the tone and walk the talk to influence the behaviour in the industry," he told about 300 company representatives at the Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel.
Of the construction deaths in 2012, 44 per cent or 11 lives could have been saved if Design for Safety had been implemented, Mr Lim said.
aThe new regulations are among a slew of new initiatives by the Government and industry groups aimed at reducing the workplace fatality rate for the sector to 1.8 per 100,000 workers by 2018. It was 5.5 per 100,000 workers in 2014.
Some other initiatives:
- The Public Sector WSH Commitment Group will require main contractors and subcontractors to have at least a bizSAFE Level 3 or equivalent recognition, and will consider companies' safety records when awarding tenders.
- Professional groups for engineers, consulting engineers and safety officers will work with institutes of higher learning to incorporate the new Design for Safety regulations into their curriculum.
- The Manpower Ministry (MOM) will work with the industry to train 1,000 professionals in Design for Safety by 2018.
- MOM will pilot a programme, modelled after a British project for the 2012 London Olympics, to work closely with developers and designers on a few projects here to improve safety and health outcomes in exchange for fewer safety enforcement inspections.
- Real Estate Developers of Singapore and Singapore Contractors Association Limited will develop a site orientation and induction programme about WSH for workers.
- Developers and designers will make site visits with contractors to monitor WSH performance.
At the conference, eight industry associations, the Public Sector WSH Commitment Group and the Building and Timber Industries Employees' Union pledged to implement these action plans in the construction sector.
"The construction sector has a multi-tier contracting system which makes it more challenging than (other sectors)," said WSH Council deputy chairman Heng Chiang Gnee.
He added: "I am confident that we can achieve significant improvements in the construction WSH performance if all partners work together and conscientiously implement the formulated action plans."
The city of Berkeley will consider more stringent requirements for building and inspecting outdoor balconies after finding severe dry rot in the joists of a balcony that collapsed last week, killing six people and injuring seven others, city officials announced Tuesday.
The fourth-floor balcony at the Liberty Gardens apartment complex at 2020 Kittredge St. collapsed at 12:41 a.m. on June 16 during a party in Unit 405.
The balcony was left hanging straight down along the building face. Of the six people killed, five were Irish nationals.
Construction on the five-story, 146-unit building was completed early in 2007 and inspectors at the time found the building, including the balcony, was up to code, according to a 10-page memo by city building and safety division manager Alex Roshal released Tuesday.
The balcony as constructed should have been able to support the weight of the 13 people who were apparently standing on it when it collapsed, city planning and development director Eric Angstadt said at a news conference Tuesday afternoon.
But the balcony's joists, constructed of laminated veneer lumber, had sheered off 16-20 inches from the building face. Inspectors immediately noticed the joists that remained on the building were severely dry rotted and bits of dry rot debris were scattered on the balcony below, according to Roshal's memo.
The city ordered three other balconies in the building off-limits while inspectors determined whether they were at risk of collapse. The balcony directly below, which belonged to Unit 305, was determined to also be severely dry rotted and the city ordered it removed from the building the next day.
The other two balconies were determined to be constructed differently and not at risk of collapse, according to Roshal.
The balconies with the rotted joists were designed to be sealed from the elements, but moisture had somehow infiltrated both, according to Angstadt.
How the moisture got into the structure is beyond the scope of the city's inspection, but city staff is recommending the City Council take steps to prevent similar catastrophes in the future.
If passed, the amended building and housing codes as outlined in Roshal's memo would require all outdoor balconies and decks to be constructed from either naturally water-resistant wood, pressure-treated wood, corrosion-resistant steel or similar materials, regardless of whether they are sealed.
The interior of sealed decks would require some kind of ventilation to prevent rot if moisture was to get inside somehow.
The city would require inspections of all outdoor balconies in the first six months after passing the new regulations, and all would need to be inspected every five years in the future.
The City Council could take up the proposed new regulations as soon as July 14.
The five Irish nationals who were killed were all 21 years old and visiting the country on J-1 visas, which allows visitors to participate in work and study-based exchange programs.
They were identified as Olivia Burke, Eoghan Culligan, Niccolai Schuster, Lorcan Miller and Eimear Walsh.
The sixth victim was Rohnert Park resident Ashley Donohoe, 22, who had worked for the last eight months as a forensic assistant intern with the Sonoma County coroner's office.